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1.1 Introduction

The United States has incarcerated at least 1.5 million people, making it the country with the highest number of people behind bars.

In the United States, private companies run prisons for both the federal government and the 29 states.

The privatization of prisons contributed towards efficiency of services, quality of services, and saving of finances.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Privatizing Prisons


Private prisons are cheaper for tax payers

There is an economic benefit to the local community

Easy to maintain the prison population

Lower rates if reoffending

Prison facilities can be used for various purposes.


Prisoners end up serving longer sentences behind bars

Private prisons do not house costly prisoners

The community can be left with costly facilities which are empty

They are more violent as compared to government-operated prisons

Prisoners can be many miles away from their families.

Organized Crime


The impacts of organized crimes are felt by almost every individual in their day to day lives

Organized crime is a global problem while its nature and activities are hard to understand.

Often, organized crime groups seek illicit profits as they size opportunities to infiltrate and control the government or private agencies

2.1 Types of Organized Crime

Drug trafficking

Immigrant smuggling

Human trafficking

Money laundering

Firearms trafficking

Illegal gambling

Wildlife and cultural property smuggling

Impacts of Organized Crime

Threatens peace and security of the people

Contributes to the violation of human rights

Undermines a country’s and global economy

Undermines the civil development of societies

Undermines the social, cultural, and political aspects of the society

How to Curb Organized Crime


Enhancement of intelligence and information sharing

Protection of financial systems and strategic markets against transitional organized crimes

Disruption of drug trafficking

Facilitation of every existing transnational threats

Threatening interdiction, investigations, and prosecutions.



Terrorism is defined as an unlawful act of violence and intimidation against the civilian population

Terrorism has been on the rise over the past few years

It is difficult to prevent acts of terrorism because of its sophisticated nature.

Types of Terrorism

Political terrorism (Broken down into sub-state terrorism, Social revolutionary terrorism. Nationalist-separatist terrorism. Religious extremist terrorism. Religious fundamentalist Terrorism. New religions terrorism.

Criminal terrorism

Pathological terrorism

Impacts of Terrorism

Ripple effect in the economy of the affected country

Direct economic destruction

Increased market uncertainty

Increase in national and foreign skeptism

Death of the victims of the act of terrorism

Strategies to Curb Terrorism

Attrition- Causing unbearable loss to the enemy

Intimidation- increasing counterterrorism control

Provocation- increasing recruitment and creating sympathizers

Outbidding- increasing counterterrorism control

Spoiling- a strategy of harming the enemy

  1. Conclusion

This paper thoroughly discusses the privatization of prisons, terrorism, and organized crimes. It provides definitions of the three aforementioned main topics. Also, it shades lights on the effects of terrorism and organized crimes.

  1. References

Gaes, G. G. (2019). Current status of prison privatization research on American prisons and jails. Criminology & Public Policy, 18(2), 269-293.

Rose, A. Z., Wei, D., Byrd, K., & John, R. (2021). Economic Impacts of Spillover Effects of Terrorism Countermeasures at Public Assembly Sites. Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management.

Gazepova, V. (2019). FORMS OF ORGANIZED CRIMES. Student’s Social Science Journal, 1(8), 6-25.

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